• Acknowledgements and Attributions
  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • 1. The Fundamental Questions: proactive and reactive
  • 2. Transfer of Responsibility
  • 3. Background: Why is or might transfer of responsibility or protection status be an issue in the EU? (Relation to Dublin, Long-term resident third country national directive and other relevant instruments)
  • 3.1 The Dublin Context
  • 3.2 The Long-term Resident Context
  • 4. Explanation of study, reasons for undertaking it, methodology
  • 5. Layout of the Report
  • Part 1 - Existing international and regional legal framework
  • 1. 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
  • 1.1 The apparent centrality of the Travel Document
  • 1.2 Extraterritorial Effect of the Determination of Refugee Status
  • 1.3 Transfer of residence rights: the actual centrality of lawful residence
  • 1.4 The overlap and distinctions between status determination; stay or residence; Travel Documents and protection obligations
  • 1.5 Standards of protection obligations and criteria of entitlements to treatment under the 1951 Convention
  • 1.5.1 Standards of protection obligations
  • 1.5.2 Criteria of entitlements to treatment
  • 1.6 Scope of protection responsibilities implied in the transfer of responsibility for issuing Travel Documents: The centrality of lawful residence
  • 2. The 1980 European Agreement on Transfer of Responsibility for Refugees
  • 2.1 Background
  • 2.2 u0093Two years of actual and continuous stayu0094
  • 2.3 Scope of responsibility transferred on application of the European Agreement
  • 3. Bilateral Agreements
  • 4. Convention Status and Subsidiary Protection
  • Part 2 - Current Practice
  • 1. Description of existing systems for transfer of protection in place in Member States and Switzerland
  • 1.1. Countries using the European Agreement on Transfer of Responsibility for Refugees
  • 1.2. States not using the European Agreement on transfer of responsibility for refugees
  • 2. Qualitative and quantitative assessment of t