• 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Policy background
  • 1.3 Problem assessment u0096 Scale of the issue
  • 1.4 Problem assessment u0096 Applicable law and jurisdiction
  • 1.5 Objectives of the Commission proposal on jurisdiction and applicable law in divorce matters
  • 1.6 Description of policy options
  • 1.7 Assessment of the policy options and the preferred policy option
  • 1.8 Subsidiarity and proportionality
  • 2 INTRODUCTION
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Aims and objectives
  • 2.3 Report structure
  • 3 GLOSSARY
  • 4 POLICY BACKGROUND
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.1.1 The New Brussels II Regulation (Council Regulation 2201/2003)
  • 4.1.2 Creation of a common judicial area in civil matters
  • 4.1.3 The Commission Green Paper on jurisdiction and applicable law in divorce matters
  • 5 PROBLEM ASSESSMENT u0096 SCALE OF THE ISSUE
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Availability of data on international marriages and divorces
  • 5.2.1 International marriages
  • 5.2.2 International divorces
  • 5.3 Numbers of international marriages
  • 5.4 Numbers of international divorces
  • 5.5 Numbers of international marriages and divorce cases by 10,000 persons
  • 5.6 Frequency of international marriages and divorce cases between specific Member States
  • 5.7 Summary of problem assessment u0096 scale of the problem
  • 6 PROBLEM ASSESSMENT u0096 APPLICABLE LAW AND JURISDICTION
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Identification of problems and their drivers
  • 6.3 Problem drivers u0096 differences between national substantive divorce laws
  • 6.3.1 Multiple grounds for divorce
  • 6.3.2 Establishment of the autonomous grounds of divorce
  • 6.3.3 EU Member States with comparatively liberal and more restrictive divorce grounds
  • 6.3.4 Legal separation and marriage annulment
  • 6.4 Problems due to the current state-of-play
  • 6.4.1 Problem 1 u0096 Difficulties for the spouses to predict what law will apply
  • 6.4.2 Problem 2 u0096 Insufficient flexibility and party autonomy for citizens to choose competent