• FOREWORD
  • 1 THE BACKGROUND TO SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS
  • 2 SCOPE OF THE REVIEW
  • 2.1 Fact sheet
  • 2.2 The research question and focus of the review
  • 2.3 Rationale for the review
  • 2.4 Outline of the review findings
  • 3 SYSTEMATIC REVIEW STRATEGY
  • 3.1 The review panel
  • 3.2 The review phases
  • 4 THE REVIEW PROTOCOL
  • 4.1 The search strategy
  • Types of information
  • .Sources of information
  • Identification of keywords and search strings
  • Where to search and refine steps
  • 4.3 The selection and appraisal of studies
  • Relevance assessment criteria
  • 4.4 Reporting the systematic review results
  • Descriptive analysis report
  • Thematic analysis report
  • 5 THE SYSTEMATIC REVIEW RESULTS
  • 5.1 Stage one
  • Results from databases
  • 5.2 Stage two
  • 5.3 Stage three
  • 5.4 Stage four .
  • 6 THEMES IN THE STUDIES
  • 6.1 Conceptualising knowledge
  • Knowledge as routine
  • Dynamic routines
  • Knowing that and knowing how
  • Knowledge in communities of practice
  • Knowledge as action
  • Conclusion
  • 6.2 Uses of activity theory
  • Theoretical development
  • Uses of activity theory
  • 6.3 Studies of knowledge use in SMEs
  • Knowledge, entrepreneurs and managers .
  • Knowledge and the firm .
  • Developing internal resources
  • Developing external links
  • Relations with customers and suppliers
  • Internationalisation .
  • Relations with larger firms
  • Relations with investors and experts
  • The creation and use of clusters
  • Knowledge and the wider SME environment .
  • Conclusion .
  • 6.4 Table of evidence-based studies of knowledge-use in SMEs
  • 6.5 Table of theory-development studies of knowledge-use in SMEs .
  • REFERENCES
  • List of relevant studies
  • References added through further narrative analysis and consultation . .
  • APPENDIX 1: LIST OF PARTIALLY RELEVANT AND LESS RELEVANT STUDIES
  • Partially relevant
  • Less relevant