• 1. Introduction: housing, local environment and physical regeneration
  • Historical context
  • Current policy context
  • Three themes: social exclusion, liveability and sustainable communities
  • The significance of quality in housing and neighbourhood conditions
  • Aims and structure of the paper
  • 2. The research approach: Studying the 12 low-income areas
  • The areas and their neighbourhoods
  • Selection
  • Description
  • Studying the areas and neighbourhoods
  • 3. The areas in 1999
  • Three characteristics: housing, local environment and physical regeneration
  • Housing
  • Physical environment
  • Regeneration
  • 4. Government action: policies and area-based initiatives
  • Regeneration
  • New Deal for Communities
  • Communities First
  • Neighbourhood Renewal Fund
  • Local environment
  • Neighbourhood Management Pathfinders
  • Neighbourhood Wardens
  • HousingCBL – Choice-based lettings
  • RTB – Right to Buy changes
  • Decent Homes Standard / Welsh Housing Quality Standard
  • 5. Tracing the changes: local impacts and problems
  • Housing
  • Right To Buy changes – Hackney and Newham
  • Choice-Based Letting (CBL) – Blackburn, Newcastle and Newham
  • Decent Homes / Welsh Housing Quality Standard: Nottingham, Caerphilly,Leeds and Thanet
  • Transfer – Knowsley, Redcar, Blackburn
  • Private Finance Initiative (PFI) – Newham
  • Arms-Length Management Organisations (ALMOs) – Leeds
  • Housing Market Renewal (HMR) – Blackburn and Sheffield
  • Local environment
  • Neighbourhood management – Caerphilly, Newcastle, Knowsleyand Redcar
  • Neighbourhood wardens – Hackney, Birmingham and Thanet
  • Regeneration
  • Neighbourhood Renewal Fund – Newham
  • New Deal for Communities – Hackney, Sheffield and Knowsley
  • Communities First – Caerphilly
  • Overview of changes
  • Regeneration
  • Housing
  • Local environment
  • 6. Conclusions
  • Decline or renewal?
  • The bigger picture
  • References