Showing 1 - 10 of 3,771
Organization of scanner data for more effective usage in managerial decision-making, by Oral Capps, Jeffrey M. Thomas, and Don L. Long; Effects of entry and changes in demand on concentration in wholesale grocery markets, by Walter B. Epps and Charles Handy; U.S. fruit and vegetable processing...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10009442297
This study investigates firm level technical efficiency of production and its determinants in the Tunisian agro-food industry. To this end, a stochastic production frontier model, in which technical efficiency effects are assumed to be a function of firm-specific variables and time, is estimated...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10009442310
The paper bases itself on recent theoretical writings in growth economics that emphasize the effects of both own R&D efforts and of interregional technology spillovers on regions´ productivity. We propose robust estimation techniques to evaluate the R&D spillovers across West German functional...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10009442319
Research efforts towards new energy sources and towards the efficiency of energy use will be vital to reducing CO2 abatement costs in the long term. Can such efforts be induced by price instruments? Economists often cite induced technological change as a possible consequence of environmental...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10009442366
Declining R&D intensities at the national level coincide with growing international technological links. Deviations of individual OECD countries from the average R&D intensity reflect differences in industry structure as well as in sectoral R&D intensity. At the same time, the sectoral...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10009442406
This article is based on a socio-economic impact study of the introduction and adoption of tissue-culture (tc) technology in banana production in Kenya. It attempts to demonstrate that a prudent introduction and promotion of a new biotechnological innovation in farming can make a positive...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10009442421
To improve the welfare of the rural poor and keep them in the countryside, the government has been spending 40% of the value of agricultural GDP on agricultural support services. But can investment make smallholder agriculture prosperous in such adverse conditions? This paper derives an answer...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10009442429
The measurement of the impact of technical change has received significant attention within the economics literature. One popular method of quantifying this impact of technical change is the use of growth accounting index numbers. However, in a recent article Nelson and Pack (1999) criticise the...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10009442441
During the 2004 food crisis in Niger, the weakness of the main production system, millet, to produce enough food to sustain short term crises, has been revealed. Questions arise how the Nigerian smallholder systems can be assisted by research and development policies to intensify production and...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10009442487
There has been considerable debate but little empirical analysis among academics, policy makers, and civil society about whether intellectual property rights would induce private research in developing countries. China passed its plant variety protection act (PVPA) in 1997 which allowed us to do...
Persistent link: https://www.econbiz.de/10009442491