This report forms part of the research initiative taken by the Foundation into the area of corporate social responsibility (CSR). It brings into focus the responsibility of companies with regard to the local community and the environment. Exploring the initiatives adopted by companies today provides an interesting picture of current rationales, policies, practices and experiences. In the context of this report, 40 case studies have been carried out in 9 European countries: Ireland, UK, Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Belgium, France, Italy and Spain. The case studies reveal a multi-facetted picture of companies involvement in the local community. The variety of initiatives taken and methods adopted contributes to understanding the scope and character of companies responsibility in the locality.