The focus of this study, therefore, necessarily concerns how best to generate greater effect from Europeu0092s armed forces within the context of EU operations, given the need for autonomous operations that are likely to be progressively more robust. It considers how best to facilitate and promote effective and efficient combined and joint European operations though effective European military interoperability.
The study necessarily examines several levels of analysis. While the focus is on practical military interoperability, some aspects of the political debate over European defence are also addressed because the state of both NATO and ESDP are central to the question of interoperability. Indeed, whilst it is self-evident that the highest level of interoperability would be achieved through genuine defence integration such a leap of political faith is unlikely to take place in all but the most marginal of areas of defence co-operation for the foreseeable future.