European Works Councils case studies: The ENI Group
In September 1994, the Council of Ministers decided on a Directive on the establishment of a European Works Council (EWC) for the purposes of informing and consulting employees (94/45/EC). The emergence of EWCs is a major part of the development of an industrial relations system at European level. The works committee of the ENI Group (European Committee of ENI workers) was set up in 1995. The agreement was extended in 1998 and most recently renewed in 2001 in Rome. The date of the founding agreement places it as a voluntary agreement according to Article 13 of the European Directive.