International investment, economic growth, and stabilization policy: Essays in open economy macroeconomics
This dissertation is composed of four essays. First, I introduce a method of choice under uncertainty that combines a dynamic optimization procedure with a rule of thumb for expectations formation. This assumption for expectations formation is similar to the assumption, in stochastic models, that the agent's expectations are based on the random walk model. The method of optimal control--neighboring optimal control--formulates optimal stabilizing decisions. This method is then applied to a game of interaction between a representative foreign investor and a host government. I study the tax policy of an opportunistic government. The government is concerned with maximizing the level of revenue and with minimizing fluctuations in revenue. The partial equilibrium model employed enables an analysis of behavior, but does not yield policy prescriptions. I extend this analysis to a situation of asymmetric information, where foreign investors are less informed compared with the government about the productivity of investment in the host country. Finally, I examine the empirical significance of foreign capital flow fluctuations on economic growth in the long-run.
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