• Introduction
  • Development in the People’s Republic of China
  • 1. Central planning era (1949-1978)
  • 1a. Development of heavy industries
  • 1b. Urban biased social policy
  • 1c. Poverty and inequality
  • 2. A pro-urban growth model (1978-1999)
  • 2a. Industrialisation
  • 2b. Urbanisation
  • 2c. Social policy, industrialisation and urbanisation
  • 2d. Poverty and inequality
  • 3. Recent changes (2000-2004)
  • Poverty and inequality
  • The limits of economic strategy-led social policy
  • A social development model—the livelihood approach
  • The model
  • Conclusion
  • References