Poverty increases were recorded mostly in terms of severe material deprivation and low work intensity rates starting from 2010 and were concentrated in those countries most severely hit by the crisis. Econometric estimates suggest that while measures of relative poverty do not appear to have clearly identifiable drivers, income per capita and unemployment exhibit a significant explanatory power for the severe material deprivation and anchored at risk of poverty rates. In particular, the share of long-term unemployment on total unemployment stands out as the most significant driver. The analysis also shows that social expenditure contributes to curb the rise in poverty, and that this type of expenditure after the crisis did not fall on top of what explained by standard determinants.
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