The discussion presently taking place in the large eurozone economies about the reform of the social welfare state is dominated by two assertions: Western Europe as an investment location is too expensive due to its high tax burden, and, second, countless jobs are threatened from low-wage competition from the new EU member states. These claims are only partially true. Whereas the overall tax load in France is above the EU-15 average, the German tax load lies in the middle range. In addition, the export of jobs to the new member states has been declining since 2003. The reforms introduced in the EU and Germany subsumed under the headings of the Lisbon Strategy or Agenda 2010 are not solely in response to the EUu0092s eastward expansion. Nonetheless, the EUu0092s enlargement has contributed to an increased willingness to implement reforms and has stimulated, for example, efforts to adapt the structure of tax revenue in an effort to meet global challenges. It is hardly accurate, however, to speak of a «race to the bottom», which has supposedly been touched off by the new member states. What is needed is the elimination of obstacles that hamper investment, growth and employment.