• 1. Introduction
  • 2. Compulsory educational attainment and adult life chances
  • 2.1 Educational attainment, employment and earnings
  • 2.2 Other educational outcomes are important too
  • 3. Educational attainment and outcomes – the current state of play
  • 4. Variations in compulsory educational attainment
  • 4.1 Schools can make a difference
  • 4.2 Non-school factors and educational attainment
  • 4.3 School factors accounting for variance in educational attainment
  • 5. Education: a strategy to reduce social exclusion?
  • 6. Some further areas of research
  • References