• EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • INTRODUCTION
  • PART I
  • DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’ TRADE LIBERALIZATION AND INTEGRATION INTO THE WORLD ECONOMY: CONCEPTS, INDICATORS AND INSTRUMENTS
  • 1.1 The “openness in practice” vs “openness in policy” debate
  • 1.2 How to quantify the degree of developing countries’ trade restrictiveness?
  • 1.3What instruments of trade liberalization to focus on?
  • 1.4 ...What instrument has the greatest policy impact?
  • PART II
  • FACING A CHANGING WORLD ECONOMIC SCENARIO
  • 2.1 The main drivers of the world economic environment evolution since 2002
  • 2.2 Developing countries’ tariffs liberalization and trade integration into the world economy: state of play
  • 2.3 . Tariff liberalization: factors of success and failure
  • 2.4 Theoretical and documented impacts of bilateral and regional trade agreements on free trade multilateral process
  • 2.5 Relevant differences in the impact of North-South and South- South trade agreements
  • PART III
  • DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’ TRADE LIBERALIZATION, INTEGRATION INTO THE WORLD ECONOMY AND INCLUSIVE GROWTH
  • 3.1 Trade and “inclusive growth”
  • 3.2 Factors of success and failure: controlling for relevant variables and countries’ characteristics
  • 3.3 Impacts of bilateral and regional trade agreements and relevant differences between North-South and South-South trade agreements
  • PART IV
  • THE ROLE OF COMPLEMENTARY POLICIES AND REFORMS IN PROMOTING DEVELOPMENT AND INCLUSIVE GROWTH
  • 4.1 Theoretical framework
  • 4.2 The appropriate complementary policies, reforms and implementation tools
  • 4.3 The issue of sequencing between trade liberalization and domestic and regional regulatory framework
  • 4.4 Focus on services, investment liberalization and competition policy in ensuring inclusive growth
  • 4.5 Successful complementary policies and reforms and means of implementation and enforcement
  • CONCLUSION
  • References
  • APPENDIX - Trade liberalization and trade integration: What do they mean and how to measure them