• Preface
  • General information
  • PART 1 Information concerning the concept of originating products
  • 1 What is origin?
  • 8 2 What is non-preferential origin?
  • 3 What is preferential origin?
  • 8 4 Can all products benefit from preferential origin?
  • 5 Where can I find out if my goods qualify for preferential treatment?
  • 6 What is tariff classification?
  • 7 Are there any criteria other than working or processing that have to be fulfilled?
  • 8 What is cumulation?
  • 9 What is bilateral cumulation?
  • 10 What is diagonal cumulation?
  • 11 What is full cumulation?
  • 12 What is the difference between diagonal and full cumulation?
  • 13 What is pan-European cumulation?
  • 14 Which countries are operating the pan-European cumulation system of origin?
  • 15 Where can I find the Protocol for the country I am trading with?
  • 16 Which Agreement applies to my goods?
  • PART 2 Analysis of an origin protocol
  • Introduction
  • Structure of the Origin Protocols
  • Title I: General Provisions
  • Article 1 - Definitions
  • Title II: Definition of the concept of "originating products"
  • Article 2 - General requirements
  • Questions:
  • 3 1 How can my product obtain origin?
  • 2 What does "wholly obtained" mean?
  • 3 What does sufficiently worked or processed mean?
  • Article 3 - Cumulation in the European Community
  • Article 4 - Cumulation in Bulgaria
  • Article 5 - Wholly obtained products
  • Article 6 - Sufficiently worked or processed products
  • Questions:
  • 1 Are there any circumstances where non-originating materials can be used to produce an originating product?
  • 2 How should Annex II be read?
  • Article 7 - Insufficient working or processing operations
  • Article 8 - Unit of qualification
  • Article 9 - Accessories, spare parts and tools
  • Article 10 - Sets
  • Article 11 - Neutral elements
  • Title III: Territorial requirements
  • Article 12 - Principle of territoriality
  • Article 13 - Direct transport
  • Article 14 - Exh