Organizations often get locked in specific ways of seeing and doing things.
Sometimes, they even get trapped. Such lock-ins occur at different levels
ranging form the individual, group, departmental, alliance, regional,
industrial and societal level. They can also be found in different types of
organizations such as firms, public administrations, universities, unions
and NGOs. Although cognitive, normative and resource-based lock-ins are
common phenomena in and between organizations, no consensus has yet been
reached on how to explain their occurrence. The manifold dynamics
underlying these processes are characterized by autopoeitic reproduction,
standardization, bureaucratic vicious circles, self-fulfilling prophecies,
power, and politics.