• Introduction
  • 1 Legal aspects of enforcement in domestic cases
  • 1.1 Enforcement in domestic cases
  • 1.2 General and more specific issues of enforcement of family law decisions
  • 1.3 General legal characteristics of enforcement
  • 1.4 Whether judicial enforcement takes place directly or indirectly
  • 1.5 Legal debates on the suitability of the measures that are available
  • 1.6 Initiating enforcement of a family law judgement
  • 1.7 Action towards voluntary compliance
  • 1.8 The person/authority that carries out actual enforcement
  • 1.9 Other persons/authorities involved in the enforcement process
  • 1.10 Coercive measures
  • 1.11 Taking of coercive measures when the child opposes enforcement
  • 1.12 Time limits for appeal against family law decisions and for appeal against decisions
  • supporting their enforcement
  • 1.13 The effect of appeal on enforceability
  • 1.14 Other time limits which may have an effect on enforceability
  • 1.15 The effect of change of circumstances on enforceability
  • 1.16 The effect of passing of time on enforceability
  • 1.17 Other conditions which may constitute an obstacle to enforcement
  • 1.18 Summary remarks
  • 2 Enforcement in cross-border cases
  • 2.1 Abduction orders
  • 2.2 Tables
  • 1. Legislative provisions for enforcement
  • 2. The enforcement procedure of a return order
  • 3. Enforceability and legal remedies
  • 4. Return order practice: Content of orders and Actors in enforcement
  • 2.3 Family law judgements other than return orders
  • 2.4 Issues concerning cross-border enforcement
  • 2.5 Summary remarks
  • 3 Empirical Survey
  • 3.1 The respondents: descriptive data
  • 3.2 Enforcement
  • 3.3 Visiting rights
  • 3.4 Measures to help enforcement of contact / visiting orders
  • 3.5 Child abduction within the EU
  • 3.6 Mobility within the EU
  • 3.7 Hearing of the child
  • 3.8 A legal perspective on the empirical survey
  • 3.9 Lessons from the legal perspective
  • 4 Enforcement procedures in the EU regarding family law decisions: