• 1 Objectives and their implications
  • 2 Tax funding
  • 2.1 General arguments
  • 2.2 Liberal Democrat and Tory proposals
  • 3 Upfront charges
  • 4 Deferred charges
  • 4.1 General arguments
  • 4.2 The White Paper
  • 4.3 Implications for funding
  • 5 Conclusions