• General introduction
  • Highlights
  • Key findings and summaries
  • Part I: Drugs market: an assessment from the demand side
  • Introduction
  • Report 1 Cannabis market: user types, availability and consumption estimates
  • Report 2 Amphetamine, ecstasy and cocaine: typology of users, availability and consumption estimates
  • Report 3 Heroin market: use characteristics, size of the market and impact of OST on the heroin market
  • Introduction
  • Report 3.1 Exploring heroin consumption
  • Report 3.2 Sizing national heroin markets in the EU: insights from self–reported expenditures in the Czech Republic and England
  • Report 3.3 The impact of opioid substitution treatment (OST) on the European heroin market
  • Report 4 Estimating the size of the EU cannabis market
  • Part II: Drugs market: selected features
  • Report 1 Opioid consumption and substitution treatment in Finland and Sweden: a similar path with different outcomes?
  • Report 2 Managing potential conflict in illegal markets: an exploratory study of cocaine smuggling in the Netherlands
  • Report 3 `Polymorphous criminal networks’: considering criminal groups’ engagement across markets
  • Report 4 Insights about cannabis production and distribution costs in the EU
  • Part III: Drug policy issues
  • Report 1 Impact of decriminalisation of personal possession offences in Portugal
  • Report 2 Impact of changes in the Netherlands coffee shop policies on local markets: politics, policies, confusion and chaos: the problems associated with implementing the Dutch weed pass
  • Report 3 Exploring trends in the illicit drugs market and drug policy responses in the EU