• Preface
  • Table of Contents
  • Figures
  • Tables
  • Abbreviations
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Gender gap with regard to employment: parents and non-parents
  • 2.1. Labour force participation: the gender gap between parents and non-parents
  • 2.2. Parents working part-time: strong variations across Europe
  • 2.3. Number of hours worked: mothers tend to work less
  • 3. Part-time working and flexible working: the role of parenthood
  • 3.1. Reasons for working part-time
  • 3.2. Parents reducing worked hours
  • 3.3. Flexible working time as an alternative?4. Parents temporarily out of work: work interruption and leave
  • 4.1. Work interruption
  • 4.2. Parental leave
  • 4.3. The role of leave policies
  • 4.4. Alternative policy instruments
  • 5. Conclusions
  • References
  • Appendix A. Data description
  • Appendix B. Annex to Figure
  • Appendix C. Maternity and parental leave: length and benefits