• CONTENTS
  • FOREWORD .............................................................................................. 2
  • 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY......................................................... 5
  • PART I: Methodological and Formal Issues of Data Comparability ....... 8
  • 2. INTRODUCTION...................................................................... 8
  • 2.1. Aims and Organization of the study............................................... 8
  • 2.2. How the study was conducted ....................................................... 8
  • 2.3. Conceptual and methodological framework.................................... 9
  • 3. TERMINOLOGY AND LEGAL/INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR MIGRANTS AND MINORITIES ......... 11
  • 3.1. Overview and problems related to comparability of data............... 11
  • 3.2. Terms and definitions used in Member States............................... 13
  • 3.3. Legislation and Policies: the legal framework for immigrant- and minority policies and anti-discrimination.............. 15
  • PART II: Inventory of Existing and Non-Existing Data ......................... 22
  • 4. MIGRANTS AND MINORITIES IN THE EMPLOYMENT SECTOR...................................................... 22
  • 4.1. Demographic data, geographical distribution and data gaps identified..................................................................... 22
  • 4.2. Labour force participation, employment and unemployment ......... 27
  • 4.3. Segmentation, industries and occupations .......................................... 35 4.4. Self-employment........................................................................ 37
  • 4.5. Educational achievements and employment ................................. 40
  • 4.6. Incomes, wages and salaries........................................................ 43
  • 4.7. Working conditions .................................................................... 46
  • 4.8. The Informal sector .................................................................... 48<b