• COUNTRY ABBREVIATIONS
  • LIST OF FIGURES
  • LIST OF TABLES
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • RÉSUMÉ
  • KURZFASSUNG
  • INTRODUCTION
  • 1. FUTURE DEMAND FOR LONG-TERM CARE
  • 2. AVAILABILITY OF LONG-TERM CARE PROVISIONS FOR THE ELDERLY
  • 2.1. INSTITUTIONAL CARE
  • 2.2. HOME AND SEMI-RESIDENTIAL CARE: FORMAL PROVISIONS
  • 2.3. PROVISIONS, AGE AND GENDER
  • 2.4. HOME CARE: INFORMAL PROVIDERS
  • 2.5. SUMMARY VIEW: CHANGE IN EXISTING TAXONOMIES?
  • 3. AFFORDABILITY OF PROVISIONS
  • 3.1. RESIDENTIAL CARE SERVICES
  • 3.2. HOME CARE SERVICES
  • 3.2.1 Cost type 1: comprehensive care but rationalized 'face time' in Nordic countries
  • 3.2.2 Cost type 2: migrants-in-the-family in Mediterranean countries and Austria
  • 3.2.3 Cost type 3: service vouchers in France and Belgium
  • 3.2.4 Cost type 4: minimal reliance on care outsourcing in East European countries
  • 3.3. SUMMARY VIEW: OPEN ISSUES IN AFFORDABILITY
  • 4. GENDER EQUITY
  • 4.1. INFORMAL CARE GIVERS
  • 4.1.1 Uneven progress in gender balance
  • 4.1.2 Employment and caring
  • 4.1.3 Leave time and flexible time for informal care givers
  • 4.2. CARE WORKERS AND PROFESSIONALS: WAGES AND WORKING CONDITIONS
  • 4.3. SUMMARY VIEW: OUTSTANDING ISSUES FOR INFORMAL AND FORMAL PROVIDERS
  • 5. LONG-TERM CARE POLICY
  • 5.1. LONG-TERM CARE, GENDER EQUALITY AND THE POLICY AGENDA OF MEMBER STATES
  • 5.2. OVERARCHING REFORMS
  • 5.3. SERVICE MIX, CASH TRANSFERS AND PRIVATIZATION OF SERVICES
  • 5.3.1 Shifts in the service mix
  • 5.3.2 Increased cash transfers
  • 5.3.3 Growing privatization of services
  • 5.4. TRAINING AND WAGE POLICIES
  • 5.5. SUMMARY REMARKS
  • CONCLUDING NOTES
  • APPENDIX OF TABLES
  • APPENDIX OF FIGURES
  • REFERENCES