• List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • Country Abbreviations
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Executive summary
  • 1. Motivation: Towards a Pension Gap Indicator
  • 1.1 The big picture: The need for gender vigilance for older people
  • 1.2. Motivation of the indicator. Why monitor gender differences in pensions?
  • 1.3. EU context: The sustainability-adequacy policy conundrum
  • 1.4. A Gender Gap in Pensions indicator: statistical description, data and definitions
  • 1.5 The question of administrative data
  • 1.6 What do we know? Literature review
  • 2. A Statistical Characterisation of the Gender Gap in Pensions in Europe in 2009 in Thirteen Steps
  • 2.1 STEP 1. The headline indicator – How wide is the gross pension gap in Europe?
  • 2.2 STEP 2. Introducing Coverage effects – the prevalence of zero pensions
  • 2.3 STEP 3. The combined picture: the elderly pension gap
  • 2.4 STEP 4. Cohort analysis: Is the gap becoming wider or narrower over time?
  • 2.5 STEP 5. Are the pension gap differences due to lower education for older women?
  • 2.6 STEP 6. How is the pension gap related to the level of pensions? Distributional calculations
  • 2.7 STEP 7. Does tax make a big difference to the pension gap?
  • 2.8 STEP 8. Can we discern trends in the pension gap over time?
  • 2.9 STEP 9. Do pension gaps reflect broken careers for women? What of labour force involvement?
  • 2.10 STEP 10. The effect of multi-pillar systems in SHARE
  • 2.11 STEP 11. The effect of marital status and family
  • 2.12 STEP 12. The Intra-household Gender Gap in Pensions
  • 2.13 STEP 13. Putting a complex mosaic together: Decomposition analysis
  • 3. Some Lessons from Country Experience
  • 3.1 STEP 14. A comparison of EU-SILC and administrative data
  • 4. Overview and Conclusion
  • 4.1 An overview of the argument
  • 4.2 Findings of the fourteen statistical steps: towards stylised facts
  • 4.3 Policy lessons
  • 4.4. Directions of future work
  • REFERENCES<br<APPENDICES