• Executive summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Methodology
  • 3. Policy back ground and Problem definition
  • 3.1 Setting the scene
  • 3.1.1 EU political developments and debates: from extra-territorial to intra-territorial processing
  • 3.1.2 ...
  • 3.2 Addressing the fundamental questions
  • 3.2.1 What is joint processing?
  • 3.2.2 ...
  • 3.3 Summary
  • 4. Presentation of the options
  • 4.1 The overall objective of establishing an EU mechanism for joint processing
  • 4.2 Introducing the proposed options
  • 4.3 The proposed options
  • 5. Political implications
  • 5.1 The political implications of joint processing as a principle, or a concept
  • 5.2 The most feasible and/or preferred option
  • 5.3 Political implications of Option A
  • 5.4 Political implications of Option B
  • 5.5 Political implications of Option C
  • 5.6 Political implications of Option D
  • 5.7 Conclusions on the political implications
  • 6. Legal and practical implications
  • 6.1 National legal and practical implications of joint processing
  • 6.2 EU legal and practical implications of supported processing
  • 6.2.1 Option A
  • 6.2.2 ...
  • 6.3 Legal implications of joint processing
  • 6.3.1 General legal considerations for Option D
  • 6.4 Specific legal considerations for Option D
  • 7. Financial implications
  • 7.1 Costs of processing asylum claims
  • 7.1.1 Constraints and caveats
  • 7.1.2 ...
  • 7.2 The options
  • 7.2.1 Costs and benefits of joint processing: assessments for Option D
  • 7.2.2 ...
  • 7.3 Conclusions on financial implications
  • 8. Conclusions and recommendations
  • 8.1 Comparison of options
  • 8.2 Revision of the options
  • 8.3 Revisiting the definition of joint processing
  • 8.4 Next steps8.4.1Joint Processing piloted in an ‘isolated’ context
  • References
  • ANNEX A
  • LIST OF INTERVIEWEES
  • ANNEX B
  • INTERVIEW GUIDE
  • ANNEX C
  • FINANCIAL QUESTIONNAIRE
  • ANNEX D
  • FINANCIAL DATA FROM THE MEMBER STATES