• Preface
  • Contents
  • Tables
  • Figures
  • Abbreviations
  • Summary
  • CHAPTER 1. Introduction
  • CHAPTER 2. Method
  • 2.1 Formulating the problem
  • 2.2 Data collection
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  • 2.3 Analytical inputs
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  • 2.4 Analytical challenges
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  • 2.5 Analytical process
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  • CHAPTER 3. Problem definition
  • 3.1 Reasons to confiscate and recover criminal assets
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  • 3.2 Identifiable problems
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  • 3.3 Causes of the problem
  • 3.4 Theoretical exposition
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  • 3.5 Existing measures at EU level
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  • 3.6 Member-State baselines
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  • CHAPTER 4. Objectives for the EU
  • 4.1 The EU’s right to act
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  • 4.2 Objectives
  • CHAPTER 5. Policy options
  • 5.1 EU-level actions
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  • 5.2 Grouping actions into policy options
  • CHAPTER 6. Analysis
  • 6.1 Trends and drivers
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  • 6.2 Phase 1: analysis of EU-level actions
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  • 6.3 Phase 2: analysis of policy options
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  • 6.4 Ranking of policy options
  • CHAPTER 7. Monitoring and evaluation
  • 7.1 Indicators
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  • 7.2 Monitoring and evaluation arrangements
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  • References
  • EU documents cited
  • Legal cases
  • Appendix A. Summary of fieldwork
  • Appendix B. Confiscation statistics
  • Appendix C. Organised crime typologies
  • Appendix D. Microeconomic analysis
  • Appendix E. Fundamental rights
  • Appendix F. Member-State legislation
  • Appendix G. Conferrals of power
  • Appendix H. Analysis of EU-level actions
  • Appendix I. Asset recovery in the UK
  • Appendix J. EU-27 profitability model
  • Appendix K. Economic impacts
  • Appendix L. Social impacts
  • Appendix M. Environmental impacts