• 1 Executive summary
  • 2 Introduction
  • 2.1 Study context and objective
  • 2.2 Methodology
  • 2.2.1 Desktop research
  • 2.2.2 Use of the questionnaires
  • 2.2.3 Visits and interviews
  • 2.2.4 Consolidation and analysis
  • 2.3 Contextual issues
  • 3 Progress made
  • 3.1 Existing instruments
  • 3.1.1 IBM Strategy
  • 3.1.2 Revised Schengen Borders Code
  • 3.1.3 Frontex mandate
  • 3.1.4 Eurosur
  • 3.1.5 New Schengen Evaluation Mechanism
  • 3.2 Measures under way
  • 3.2.1 Smart Border package implementation
  • 3.2.2 Financial framework for border financing 2014-2020
  • 4 Opportunities identified with regard to ESBG
  • 4.1 Member States’ views
  • 4.2 Frontex feedback
  • 4.3 European Parliament’s position
  • 5 Recommendations
  • 5.1 Why a phased approach?
  • 5.2 Proposed Models
  • 5.2.1 Model 1 –Optimal use of existing instruments
  • 5.2.2 Model 2 – Shared responsibility
  • 5.2.3 Model 3 - Full integration at EU level
  • 5.3 Comparison of the three models
  • 5.4 Cost and benefits analysis
  • 5.4.1 General considerations
  • 5.4.2 Procurement of equipment and services
  • 5.4.3 Centralisation of structures and activities
  • 5.5 Roadmap for Implementation
  • 6 Annexes
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  • Table of Figures
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  • Table of Tables
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