• Members of the European Network of Legal Experts in the Field of Gender Equality
  • Part I
  • Executive Summary
  • Goran Selanec
  • 1. The Report – Purposes and Aims
  • SECTION I
  • 2. Positive Action: the Framework of Analysis
  • 2.1. The Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2. Normative Goals
  • 3. The EU Legal Framework
  • 3.1. The European Treaties and EU Legislation
  • 3.2. The ECJ’s Approach to Positive Action
  • SECTION II
  • 4. Positive Action Measures at the National Level
  • 4.1. Legal Sources and Normative Justification of National Positive Action Measures
  • 4.2. Positive Action in Relation to Political Participation
  • 4.3. Positive Action in the Area of Employment
  • 4.4. Special Case of Quotas in Employment and Occupation
  • 4.5. Positive Action in Education
  • 4.6. Positive Action in Relation to Goods and Services
  • 4.7. Effective Implementation of the National Policy Measures
  • SECTION III
  • 5. Positive Action Measures at the EU Level
  • 6. Conclusions
  • Part II
  • National Law: Reports from the Experts of the Member States, EEA Countries,Croatia, FYR of Macedonia and Turkey
  • AUSTRIA
  • BELGIUM
  • BULGARIA
  • Croatia
  • CYPRUS
  • CZECH REPUBLIC
  • DENMARK
  • ESTONIA
  • FINLAND
  • FRANCE
  • GERMANY
  • GREECE
  • HUNGARY
  • ICELAND
  • IRELAND
  • ITALY
  • LATVIA
  • LIECHTENSTEIN
  • LITHUANIA
  • LUXEMBOURG
  • FYR of MACEDONIA
  • MALTA
  • THE NETHERLANDS
  • NORWAY
  • POLAND
  • PORTUGAL
  • ROMANIA
  • SLOVAKIA
  • SLOVENIA
  • SPAIN
  • SWEDEN
  • TURKEY
  • UNITED KINGDOM
  • Annex I Questionnaire
  • Annex II Selected Bibliography
  • Annex III Table: Positive Action Measures in Employment
  • Annex IV Table: Measures Taken or Planned to Redress Gender